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Sonoma city is located in the Sonoma Valley in Sonoma County, California. Sonoma valley well known for its wine and is considered as the birthplace for the wine in California. In the beginning, region of Sonoma was populated by the Native Americans of Coast Miwok tribes.
Coast Miwok tribe was the second largest group of those Native Americans who spoke a language called Miwok. These tribes usually didnt have any central political authority and lived in small groups. The foundation of Mission San Francisco Solano led to the beginning of the town of Sonoma.
The mission was founded in 1823 by Father Joseph Altimira, who belonged from Spain. Shortly after the mission was constructed it was secured the Mexican Government that recently got its independence at that time. Beside the mission Sonomas Barracks were built under the supervision of Vallejo to pursue the Mexican control over the region.
Chief Solano who was a friend and an ally of Vallejo helped develop better relationship of Vallejo with the native tribes. For this Chief Solanos name has also been induced in the missions name that is Mission San Francisco Solano.
Other than barracks another major building that surrounded the Mission was the Plaza. Same to all other Mexican town, the city of Sonoma was also centered on the town plaza, which is the largest plaza in the state of California. The plaza is still in use and has been added in National Historic Landmark, housing several festivals annually. A city hall is also located in the middle of the plaza.
Sonoma also acted as the birthplace for the bear flag revolt. Americans started the revolt against the Mexican authorities, due to the rumors spread by a U.S Army Major Fremont that the Mexican government is threatening to take action against settlers.
That gave birth to the rebellion forces; hence a band of 33 men raised a flag and a bear in the Sonoma town hall, demanding California Republic that is free from Mexican Rule. On the very same day, Vallejo was captured by the same men and was imprisoned in Sutters Fort on 1 August, 1846.
Later in 1950, Vallejo diverted his loyalty towards U.S and accepted California as a State. He also performed the duties for the guidance of development of the town, since major portion of land belonged to Vallejo.
Sonoma stretches across the 2.65 square miles of land and water covers none of this area. Since Sonomas weather is hot and dry during summers, but at night its considerably cooler and winters are usually wet, hence its weather can be referred to as a typical Mediterranean weather.
In summers the temperature usually reaches the maximum height of 32.1 ?C and usually goes as low as 11.1?C during summer. During winter temperature usually reaches the maximum height of 14.7?C and goes as low as 2.9?C usually.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Sonoma was 47?C, which was recorded on 13 July, 1972, and the lowest temperature that Sonoma has ever seen is -11?C, which was recorded on 22 December, 1990.
As of the census records of 2000, Sonomas population consisted of 9,128 people. These people were further distributed amongst 2,361 families and 4,373 households. Sonomas 93.80% population is Caucasian as of racial division, while rest of the population is comprised of 0.34% Native Americans, 0.36% African Americans, 1.70% Asians, 6.85% Hispanics, 0.05% Pacific Islanders, while 2.14% were from two or more races and rest of the 1,61% are from other races.
As of the 2000s census median income recorded for a family was $65,600 Per Annum, while the median income for a household was $50,505 Per Annum. Comparatively males median income was higher than that of females which was $51,831 and females earned a median income of $40,276. Sonoma has a small percentage of people that are living below the poverty line that is 2.0%.
In Sonoma city, Sonoma Creek is the major watercourse of the town. It is located in the region of Northern California. Its high-waters rise from the hills of Sugarloaf. While it opens up its mouth on San Pablo Bay.
Sonoma Creek is also home to a number of different aquatic animals along with several others. The most notable types of fish that are found in stream are Steelhead, Chinook salmon and Delta Smelt. Apart from that it is home to number of types of frogs, snakes and salamanders.
Sonoma is also well-known in the wine-making business in California, for it is known as the birthplace of wine making in the state of California.
The vine-yards from the historic period of Mission San Francisco Solano are still present and apart from that several enhancements have been made and a new type of grape has also been introduced known as Zinfandel Grape. Due to its wine making history Valley of Sonoma is sometimes also referred to as Valley of Moon.