Details of Tomte and the Ticket Luck value
The tomte is one of the most popular creatures of the Eastern Europe mostly of Scandinavian folklore. It has a special place in the literature of the region as well. In the 19th century, with the romanticisation of folklore, the tomte would gain popularity.
A tomte is a mythological gnome-like creature found in Nordic folklore. He watched over a farmer's house and barn at night and was usually thought to be an angry, righteous old man of diminutive stature.
In Finish it appers as tonttu. He is usually depected as a beareded old man in gray with a red stocking cap with fictions quite similar to those of haltia in Finnish tradations. However it may be , some time dificult to distinguish the household spirit from the maahiset.
The appearance of tomto was often think as a small man who has the size of about half the height of an adult man. He has a dress of a man clothing of a farmer. But some says that he is able to have the ability to take the shape far larger then an adultman.
It is believed that tomte have a single, syclepean eye. As he was thought to be skilled in illusion and able to to make himself invisible, one will have to get more then brief glimpses of him no mattter what he looks and what his appearance is really.
One more easy way to offend him was impudence: farm workers vulgar language, urinating in the barns, or not treating the creatures well would be thoroughly thrashed.In Sweden, an angry tomto is featured in the childrens popular books by Selma Lagerl?f, Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige (Nils Holgersson's Wonderful Journey through Sweden).
The tomte turns the naughty boy Nils into a tomte in the beginning of the book, and Nils then travel across Sweden on the back of a goose. That is why the children are very interested in the tomte in that country.
It was believed that tomte can be please with gifts. - A picky gift was a bowl of porridge on Christmas night. If some one is not trying to please the tomte, then he may leave the farmhouse or house, or engage in mischief such as tying the cows' tails mutually in the barn, turning objects upside-down, and breaking things.
The tomte liked his porridge with a pat of butter on the top. As was being told in a story, a farmer put the butter underneath the porridge. When the tomte of his farmstead found that the butter was missing, he was filled with rage and killed the cow resting in the shed. But, as he became hungry, he went back to his porridge and ate it, and so found the butter at the bottom of the bowl. Full of grief, he then rushed to hunt the lands to find another farmer with a matching cow to replace the former with the latter.
Generally tomte is connected to farm animals, but most liked mammal was the horse. Another popular belief is that tomtes favorite horse would be that especially well taken and care by the farmer.
In some countries, it was believed to be the soul of old farmer who was the first inhabitor. He had his dwellings in the burial mounds on the farm, hence the now somewhat archaic Swedish names tomtenisse and tomtekarl, Swedish and Norwegian names tomtegubbe, and the Finnish name tonttu-ukko while in Norwegian Haugkall (Mound man). Thus can the tradition of giving porridge to the tomte at Christmas be nostalgia of inherited worship.
It may be noted that that tomte was not always consider as a popular figure in the Europe. Like other creatures of myths, he would be seen as heathen and become connected to the Devil. In the famous 14th century farmers believing in the house tomte could be seen as worshipping false gods and Saint Birgitta warns against the worship of tomte gods.
Folklore added other unenthusiastic beliefs about the tomte. Another believe, which might not be so common was that having a tomte on the farm meant you put the fate of your soul at risk, or that you had to perform various non-Christian rites to lure a tomte to your farm.
During the ancient times, the belief in tomte was his unseen work could also dragged into conflict and was criticized by many people. If any grower was doing far better for himself, the others were also doing the same, doing ungodly work and stealing from the farmer. These rumors could be very harmful for the farmer who found himself accused.
In the modern times tomte is made of wood that is a common Christmas decoration in many countries. In the 1840s the farm's nisse became the bearer of Christmas presents in Denmark, and was then called julenisse (Yule Nisse).
With the passage of time, commercialism has made him look more like the American Santa Claus, but the Swedish jultomte, the Norwegian julenisse, the Danish nisse and the Finnish joulupukki (in Finland he is still called the Yule Goat, although his animal features have disappeared) still has features and traditions that are rooted in the local culture.