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Somerville, a city located in Middlesex County in the state of Massachusetts in United States. The city is comprised of 4.2 square miles of which 4.1 square miles area is consisted of Land and 0.1 square miles of water.
Originally the city was known as the Charlestown beyond neck as it was settled as the part of Charlestown in 1630. It was called Charlestown beyond neck because it was connected to Charlestown with a strip of land that was called the neck of Charlestown.
However, in 1842 it was separated from Charlestown and became a separate town, because of urbanization of Charlestown, while Somerville was mainly a rural area. After the separation several ideas for its new name were put forward as well and one of them was to name it after Walford, who was the first settler of Charlestown.
However this idea didnt satisfy a member of separation committee Mr. Charles Miller. Hence he proposed another name which was Somerville. Due to Somervilles blue collar residents and high crime rate Somerville was once known as Slummerville and Scumerville.
The concentration of crimes was high in the east side of Somerville, where the mobsters and gang leaders, Howie Winter and James Buddy McLean of Winter Hill Gang were based. City was then referred to as the center of car theft due to its high car theft rate. But due to the urbanization of 1990s the crime rate of the city reduced, so did its infamousness.
In 1929, John J. Murphy became the first ever Democratic Mayor of Somerville on his seventh try after he united Italian, Greek, Irish and Portuguese people in the region. Joseph Curtatone is the current Mayor of Somerville. In Somerville the Municipal Government is of Mayor-City council form.
Somerville is part of 26th, 27th and 34th Middlesex districts to represent the Massachusetts House of Representatives. For the elections of United States House of Representatives, Somerville is the part of 8th congressional District of Massachusetts. Somerville is also a part of following districts: Essex, Middlesex, Second Middlesex and Suffolk, for its representation to the Massachusetts Senate.
After four other cities of the state New Jersey that are Union City, Guttenberg, West New York and Hoboken, Somerville is placed fifth in the densest municipalities under 100,000, as revealed by Demographics of U.S in 2000. Since the city covers merely 4.1 square miles of land, it is easily the most densely populated city in the New England.
Mainly the occupation of most of the people living in Somerville is Manual Labor, working on hourly wages. The population of Somerville is comprised of Italian Americans, Irish American and Portuguese Americans. As of the census records of 2000, 12.5% of the total population is living below the poverty line, most of which are those who are under the age of 18.
In Somerville the Median Per Annum income of the household was $46,315, while the median per annum income of a family was $51,243. The median income of males was more than as of females comparatively. Males earned a median income of $36,333 per annum, while females earned median income of $31,418.
There were 77,478 people residing in Somerville as of 2000s census readings, of which there were 14,673 and 31,555 households that were living in Somerville. Since Somerville is the fifth densest city, the population density per square mile in the city was 18,868.1 people.
In terms of race, Somervilles population is comprised of 76.97% Caucasian, 6.44% Asian, 0.22% Native Americans, 6.5% African Americans, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 8.76% Hispanic and 4.96% of other races.
The Median age in Somerville as of 2000s census was 31. The city population was further divided into following percentages: 14.8% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 42.6% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% of those who were either 65 years of age or older than that. The proportion of females as compared to males was high, for every 100 females there were 94.9 males.
Somerville is well known and provides with the home to the arts community. ArtBeat festival is also held annually in Somerville. Apart from that, there also an American Academy of Arts and Science, whose main entrance is on Beacon Street, Somerville.
There is another major art studio complex that is located in Somerville, in between Union Square and Cambridge line. Event including the homegrown arts community are also hosted by The Somerville Arts Council and Somerville Open Studios. Somerville is also home to a big number of Coffeehouses, Taverns, Cafes and Restaurants. Somervilles museum holds a memorabilia regarding Somervilles history.